Anti-poaching, Community Development, Research & GIS Mapping – Tanzania

Posts tagged “FCF


Every year FCF takes the time to recognize its team of private rangers for their courageous work in the field.  Below is a listing of the 2010 award recipients – congratulations to all!


2010 Award Recipients:

Commander of the Year – Lazaro Songori (Maswa)

Driver of the Year – Supphian Kisseto (Sables)

Ranger of the Year – Leonard Kileo (Maswa)

Fitness Award – Ezekiel Loserian (Fish Eagle), Seme Masanja (Uvinza), Sobi Charles (Sables), Leonard Kileo (Maswa)


HM Commander (x2) – Philip Maganga (Natron), Juma Kuyela (Kizigo East)

HM Driver – Peter Runda (Natron)

HM Ranger – Julius Buhimila (Samase), Seme Masanja (Uvinza), Maulid Kiyungi (Maswa)


Due to several FCF rangers being stationed in the field over the holidays, there are a few field reports that have not yet been submitted.  Based on the information currently available, the following is a list of the arrest and confiscation tallies for 2010.  These tallies should slightly increase once all field reports are received.



MEAT 5 26 61 38 54 8 25 217
IVORY 6 2   7       15
TIMBER 31 2 67 160 19 45 36 360
HONEY       5       5
FISH 73 14 8 2       97
ILL. ENTRY 5     16   16 28 65
LIVESTOCK 3 10 68 23 292 11 16 423
MINERS               0
CHARCOAL     9   34 56 111 210
RES. HUNT.             7 7
TOTALS   123 54 213 251 399 136 223 1399



64 Muzzle Loaders
6 Rifles
2 Shot Guns
12 Automatic Weapons
2245 Ammo rounds
55 Spears
107 Arrows
47 Vehicles
20380 Livestock
504 Bicycles
1425 Snares
134 Saws
2843 Timber Planks
976 Vigogo
1078 Charcoal Bags
627 Charcoal Ovens
44 Canoes



Rangers First Aid: Rigorous selection course & evaluation

On 1 February 2010, the FCF anti-poaching division welcomed Mr. Ruben de Kock and Mr. Theo Landman of the African Field Ranger Training Services (AFRTS) to our Lake Natron concession. Ruben and Theo were called upon to put our anti-poaching field staff through a rigorous selection course and evaluation, followed by a basic field training course. Of the 76 rangers who were put thru their paces (4 additional rangers were excused due to injury/illness) just twenty men passed the selection stage. While this may appear to be a high attrition rate, we view it as an indication of the overall quality of our ranger corps. It is our sincere hope that these 20 men will be the foundation upon which we build the anti-poaching program in the years to come.

An additional 40 rangers were invited back (on probation) to attend the training course, which covered topics such as the role of the field ranger, patrol techniques, observation points, listening points, distance sighting, orders, patrol planning, aspects of Tanzanian wildlife law, arrest procedures, self-defense and minimum force techniques. In the near future we will conduct another selection course and evaluation in order to build our numbers back to the desired eighty personnel.

We at FCF would like to thank Ruben and Theo and the AFRTS for helping us establish a new ethos and standard by which our anti-poaching field staff will be measured by. It is our expectation that this will in turn result in a higher level of efficacy in our fight against poaching in Tanzania.

FCF patrol commanders attended a 2-day (14 hour) first aid training course conducted by Samantha Roberts on the 15th and 16th of February. Areas that were covered include:

  1. Artificial respiration
  2. Cardiac resuscitation
  3. Shock
  4. Wound management
  5. Bandaging, splinting and immobilization techniques
  6. Heat related illnesses
  7. Snake bites

Great fun was had with moulage kits in order to make scenarios realistic!

Instructor Sam Roberts said that she “found the commanders as a whole to be calm and well organized with all aspects of the training”. Due to the potentially dangerous nature of anti-poaching work, training such as this will prove invaluable and could realistically save a life.

Many, many thanks to Sam, Ruben, Theo and the AFRTS – we look forward to refresher courses in the future!

For more information on FCF please visit our official website!!!

Income Generating Projects

FCF recognizes the necessity of finding long term solutions to alleviate rural poverty. We strive to empower local communities with the means to see tangible benefits from their natural resources and the environment through sustainable income-generating projects.

We understand that to have a lasting impact we must focus on enabling people to help themselves through projects that provide sustainable livelihoods.

Through income-generating projects we are able to focus on what the villagers do well and improve their capacity to be self-reliant and support themselves in the long term.

Rusohoko fish farm, Kibondo District

Fish farming

The Rusohoko fish farming group in western Tanzania was formed by their own initiative with FCF support, and the first ponds were dug using the knowledge they gleaned from similar projects in the refugee communities in western Tanzania.

We are keen to see the group succeed and will continue to support them in the initial stages. Once the Rusohoko group is well established we hope to expand this successful initiative to other groups and suitable areas.

Beehives, Tabora District


Beekeeping is a prime example of how natural resource conservation is directly linked to community development. By promoting beekeeping, FCF is in turn promoting the restoration and conservation of the environment. Kangeme beekeepers (in Tabora District), with the support of the Mzuri Foundation, have just had a record harvest from hives hung in the Ugalla Game Reserve in August 2007. This initiative will empower the beekeepers to expand their production and to value the natural resources of the reserve.

Based on the success of the Kangeme Beekeepers, FCF plans to expand this project in other areas.


Water to those in need

Conservation Fund brings water to those in need

By a correspondent of Arusha Times

The Arusha-based Friedkin Conservation Fund (FCF) is once again channelling much needed community development funding into priority areas in Tanzania – this time by way of a long term borehole drilling initiative throughout the country.

Working in close association with Maji-Tech Engineering Ltd, FCF decided that Longido Secondary School should be the first recipient of a borehole as part of this plan.

FCF has a close association with the school since the mid-nineties and as with many towns throughout Tanzania; Longido has been suffering from a severe water shortage over the last few years.

The school was in dire straights prior to the arrival of the long rains at the beginning of this year and was relying on weekly deliveries of water by FCF from Arusha by way of a bowser.

FCF immediately set about contacting prospective donors and in no time had collected sufficient funds for this vitally important project to go ahead.

The generous list of donors was comprised of a number of families including the Sackman’s, Bowman’s and Holland’s from the United States and the Lemman’s from Brazil/Switzerland, in addition to organisations such as the New York/Tri-State chapter of the Safari Club Sables and a consortium of dealers from the Gulf States Toyota in the United States.

After the successful completion of the borehole at Longido Secondary School, FCF shifted its attention to Kigoma District in the south-western corner of Tanzania and to Mpeta Village.

A client of Tanzania Game Tracker Safaris (TGTS), whom FCF represents along with Wengert Windrose Safaris (WWS) in all areas of community conservation and anti-poaching, signalled his attentions to fund the drilling of a borehole close to the TGTS hunting block of Uvinza Open Area.

This time, FCF employed the services of the Tanganyika Christian Refugee Services, Water Development Unit (WDU), based out of Kikondo town.

FCF and WDU were able to plan and implement the project over a matter of weeks in time to coincide with the arrival of the donors from the United States, Paul Hobby and his family.

The Hobby’s were able to witness the latter stages of the drilling of another successful borehole by FCF.

With the recent acquisition of a fully equipped borehole drilling rig from India by TGTS, FCF is in a strong position to continue to provide boreholes to areas in need through generous contributions of clients and associates of TGTS and WWS.

Newsletter: September 2009

3rd Quarter 2009 Newsletter: September 2009


Bahati Elia

FCF Ranger Killed in Action: 8 September 2009

Patrol members of FCF’s mobile unit, the “Faru” team, began an early morning foot patrol with Wildlife Division game wardens on 8 September 2009 in Tanzania’s Moyowosi Game Reserve. In due course the patrol discovered a meat drying rack, thought to be approximately one week old. Given the locality it was thought that the rack had been used for drying hippo meat. Shortly afterwards, the patrol came across very fresh signs of poachers and tracks on a foot path, which they decided to pursue. The team was on high alert and followed the path into some long grass where they encountered the poachers they had been tracking.

The poachers scattered and had the upper hand as they had spotted or heard the patrol first; it was thought that four poachers were in the group. The patrol split up to give chase and quickly apprehended two poachers. In the confusion three rounds were shot off by an SMG weapon; as it turned out the shots were from a poacher’s firearm and one of the rounds connected with FCF Ranger, Bahati Elia. His team members quickly did what they could to staunch the blood flow and loaded Bahati into the vehicle to rush him to medical assistance in the town of Kibondo, a three and a half hour drive from the Reserve.

At approximately 12.30 on 8 September 2009 en route to medical assistance, Bahati Elia passed away due to blood loss from injuries sustained while on duty.

Bahati was born on 5 June 1976. He started with FCF in March of 2008 after successfully completing a selection course conducted in the Lake Natron area. He performed his duties admirably and this was recognized when he was placed in the FCF mobile unit, where he continued to impress.

Bahati is survived by his wife, Restituta Kweka, and three young children, Sylvia (9), Elia (5) and Prisca (2).

There is an active investigation into the matter and we are hopeful that a swift and just conclusion will be reached; the GRAA and its’ readers will be updated accordingly.

Any assistance for his family can be directed through Keith Roberts (FCF General Manager) or Mike Beckner (FCF Anti-poaching Coordinator).

Training of trainers

Community Development

Village Community Banks (VICOBAs)

FCF Community Development has started an exciting new program to establish Village Community Banks (VICOBAs) in 12 communities near to the Moyowosi and Kizigo/Muhesi Game Reserves. VICOBAs are savings and microfinance groups which target low income community members to encourage saving and provide access to micro-loans for small enterprises development.

In early August, FCF conducted a two week training of trainers course to teach representatives from communities to become trainers and facilitators of VICOBA. The facilitators have now returned to their respective villages and, with support from FCF, they are each establishing two VICOBA in their home villages.

FCF is keen to expand this program as it has proven to be a highly successful tool for empowerment and poverty alleviation, as well as a forum for conservation through local environmental advocacy and eco-friendly enterprise initiatives. It is our hope that this program will expand with the support of donors.

Kilumbi borehole

Kilumbi and Mpapa Water Drilling

In early September, together with the generous support of the Atkinson family, FCF successfully drilled for water in Kilumbi and Mpapa villages on the western and eastern sides of Kizigo / Muhesi Game Reserve. The two boreholes are currently being equipped with hand pumps. This support will make a significant difference to the communities, who will now have a much needed safer and more reliable water supply.

Mwanyahina teacher's house

Maswa Teachers Houses and Classroom Construction

FCF has completed the construction of two primary school teacher’s houses in communities near the Maswa Game Reserve. A classroom has also been started this year with hopes to complete the project next year. This program is a continuation of a five year plan with the District for developing education infrastructure.

Beekeeping Support

FCF is currently preparing to implement a project to support 14 beekeeping groups in 6 districts with modern hives, equipment and beekeeping training. With appropriate technology and using best practices, the project will encourage income generation which is ecologically-friendly and goes hand in hand with conservation and natural resource management. The great amount of forests and woodlands provides optimum conditions for honey production.

The support will require a high level of commitment from the beekeepers as the hives and materials will be given out as loans to be repaid to support other beekeepers in the village. FCF support will use Langstroth technology for groups which demonstrate a good level of beekeeping experience. Less experienced groups will receive the Topbar / Commercial hive technology.

Library Support

Through a generous donation from the Nelson Puett Foundation, FCF is supporting 12 secondary schools with much needed reference and text books. The program is being implemented in communities near the Maswa Game Reserve and Moyowosi ecosystem. Many of the secondary schools in these areas have very limited supplies and severe shortage of qualified teaching staff. The library support will give the students and teachers access to reference and text books which will make a significant improvement in academic performance.

Crew for the Ugalla survey


As part of FCF’s approved 5-year monitoring program, 2009 has seen FCF partake in two more surveys. The dry season in Tanzania is the season when the majority of FCF’s surveys are conducted, and this year was no different.

Moyowosi Lion Survey

This year’s survey season began with a lion survey in the Moyowosi Game Reserve. Once again, wildlife consultant Dr Petri Viljoen made the trip up from South Africa to partake in FCF’s surveys, and led the team on the ground. The rest of the team comprised of a Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) representative, two Wildlife division Game Scouts, and another two FCF members.

The lion survey took place over a full month, with calling stations being set up each night, through the night, usually at two or three separate locations. Hours were long, but the rewards made it all worthwhile. Along with much lion activity, leopard and hyena also visited several stations. With the aid of photography Dr Petri Viljoen manages to record not only numbers of lion at each station, but also manages to document the age structure of each group. This type of survey is vital in such areas of Tanzania, where baseline data is often lacking.

Elephant viewed from the air

Ugalla Elephant and Buffalo Total Count

After a full month in the Moyowosi, with vast quantities of this time spent in vehicles, the next survey saw us relocate to Ugalla Game Reserve where we participated in an aerial survey. Using our trusty yellow aircraft, the Maule, we flew north-south transects across the extent of the reserve in order to count the elephant and buffalo populations, breaking transect to photograph these populations when numbers in the herd were high.

After the high elephant poaching activity in the area last year we were pleasantly reassured by what we counted from the air. It was another successful survey, once again cementing our very beneficial partnership with TAWIRI.

About FCF

FCF Logo

The Friedkin Conservation Fund (FCF) is a registered (US and Tanzanian) non-profit, non-governmental organization incorporated in 1994 (Certificate of Registration SO.NO.9807). Our role is to assist the Tanzanian Government with the conservation and preservation of more than 9 million acres of Tanzania’s protected areas. We achieve this through our internationally recognized anti-poaching initiative, our innovative community development program and our field research projects. Based out of Arusha, northern Tanzania, we operate in five Game Reserves, two Open Areas, three Forest Reserves and one Game Controlled Area.