Anti-poaching, Community Development, Research & GIS Mapping – Tanzania


Smuggled Cheetahs Released into the Wild

Friedkin Conservation Fund (FCF) played a small but vital role behind the scenes for the release of the cheetahs discussed in the article linked below. At very short notice, FCF and others were asked to assist with transport of the cheetahs because the truck that had been offered never arrived.  FCF and a truck was sent to Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) to move the cheetahs to Tarengeri National Park.

Read the full article by clicking on the following link to the ZSL Living Conservation website:,812,NS.html

FCF visiting the US!

Keith Roberts, the Manager of the FCF office in Arusha, Tanzania, will
be at the SCI Convention in Reno, NV from January 26-29.  He will be
giving two presentations on anti-poaching efforts in Tanzania.  The time
and location of each presentation is listed below. Please feel free to
sit in on the meetings or visit us at the FCF booth (#215).  (The FCF
booth is shared with Tanzania Game Tracker Safaris Limited).

Record Book Committee Meeting
Room A5
8:00am – January 26th, Wednesday

Conservation Committee Meeting
Room A5
4:00pm – January 28th, Friday

We welcome the opportunity to talk with you and tell you more about the
work FCF is doing in Tanzania!


Every year FCF takes the time to recognize its team of private rangers for their courageous work in the field.  Below is a listing of the 2010 award recipients – congratulations to all!


2010 Award Recipients:

Commander of the Year – Lazaro Songori (Maswa)

Driver of the Year – Supphian Kisseto (Sables)

Ranger of the Year – Leonard Kileo (Maswa)

Fitness Award – Ezekiel Loserian (Fish Eagle), Seme Masanja (Uvinza), Sobi Charles (Sables), Leonard Kileo (Maswa)


HM Commander (x2) – Philip Maganga (Natron), Juma Kuyela (Kizigo East)

HM Driver – Peter Runda (Natron)

HM Ranger – Julius Buhimila (Samase), Seme Masanja (Uvinza), Maulid Kiyungi (Maswa)


Due to several FCF rangers being stationed in the field over the holidays, there are a few field reports that have not yet been submitted.  Based on the information currently available, the following is a list of the arrest and confiscation tallies for 2010.  These tallies should slightly increase once all field reports are received.



MEAT 5 26 61 38 54 8 25 217
IVORY 6 2   7       15
TIMBER 31 2 67 160 19 45 36 360
HONEY       5       5
FISH 73 14 8 2       97
ILL. ENTRY 5     16   16 28 65
LIVESTOCK 3 10 68 23 292 11 16 423
MINERS               0
CHARCOAL     9   34 56 111 210
RES. HUNT.             7 7
TOTALS   123 54 213 251 399 136 223 1399



64 Muzzle Loaders
6 Rifles
2 Shot Guns
12 Automatic Weapons
2245 Ammo rounds
55 Spears
107 Arrows
47 Vehicles
20380 Livestock
504 Bicycles
1425 Snares
134 Saws
2843 Timber Planks
976 Vigogo
1078 Charcoal Bags
627 Charcoal Ovens
44 Canoes



2010 in review

The stats helper monkeys at mulled over how this blog did in 2010, and here’s a high level summary of its overall blog health:

Healthy blog!

The Blog-Health-o-Meter™ reads Fresher than ever.

Crunchy numbers

Featured image

A Boeing 747-400 passenger jet can hold 416 passengers. This blog was viewed about 2,900 times in 2010. That’s about 7 full 747s.


In 2010, there were 28 new posts, not bad for the first year! There were 78 pictures uploaded, taking up a total of 43mb. That’s about 2 pictures per week.

The busiest day of the year was May 29th with 157 views. The most popular post that day was 30 April 2010.

Where did they come from?

The top referring sites in 2010 were,,,, and

Some visitors came searching, mostly for first aid for snake bite, black rhino, friedkin conservation fund, elliot kinsey, and monduli community development training institute.

Attractions in 2010

These are the posts and pages that got the most views in 2010.


30 April 2010 May 2010


About Us January 2010


Photo Gallery April 2010


How to help January 2010


Anti-Poaching VIDEO February 2010

Anti-poaching Summary: January – July 2010

Evaluation and Training with the African Field Ranger Training Services (AFRTS)

In February, FCF anti-poaching personnel underwent a vigorous selection and evaluation course administered by the AFRTS, Africa’s leader in field ranger development. Following the week-long evaluation the rangers spent an additional week covering aspects of anti-poaching skills, such as patrol formation, ambush preparation, observation points and tracking. The end result has provided FCF with a better trained, motivated and professional ranger corps.

In July, the AFRTS was invited back to evaluate and select additional rangers for FCF. The selection and training process was done in conjunction with the Mwiba Game Ranch.  FCF is proud to welcome 20 new rangers to our ranks, all of whom will be deployed to our various concessions of operation in the near future.

First Aid Training

In addition to the basic ranger courses, FCF patrol commanders attended a 14-hour first aid course. Topics focused on include artificial respiration, cardiac resuscitation, shock recognition and management, wound management, bandaging, splinting and immobilization techniques, snake bite management and heat-related illnesses.

Arrests and Confiscations Summary

To date in 2010, FCF anti-poaching personnel have arrested over 600 suspected poachers. Seven automatic rifles have been confiscated as well as 25 muzzle loaders. Over 12,000 head of livestock have been removed from protected area boundaries and an influx of timber poaching has resulted in the confiscation of 800+ hardwood sleepers in the Ugalla Game Reserve. The microlight in Maswa has recently uncovered a serious spate of elephant poaching; in July, 37 carcasses were identified from the air. Ground teams confirmed that all of the elephants were killed by automatic firearms. An arrest in May has been linked to at least some of the shootings but the investigation is ongoing as some of the carcasses are dated all the way back to roughly December 2009, February, May and June 2010.

Structure & Team

FCF is based in Arusha, Tanzania with our office staff comprising seven personnel and one representative based in the U.S. However, the backbone of our staff works in the field: along with two community development officers there are eighty-five anti-poaching staff across the fourteen concessions (nine million acres) in which FCF operates.

Organisation Structure

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After a successful patrol An FCF Rapid Action Team

Information – 2009


Friedkin Conservation Fund (FCF) is the NGO, registered in Tanzania and the United States, that conducts community development activities, assists the Tanzanian Government in anti-poaching and wildlife monitoring activities, and conducts research on behalf of Tanzania Game Tracker Safaris (TGTS), Wengert Windrose Safaris (WWS), and Ker & Downey Safaris (KD).

Friedkin Conservation Fund therefore work in and around much of the protected area network  in Tanzania,  including Maswa Game Reserve (GR), Moyowosi GR, Ugalla GR, Kizigo GR and Muhesi GR, Makere Forest Reserve, as well as the world famous Lake Natron RAMSAR site.

FCF takes to heart the words of the late Honorable Mwalimu J.K. Nyerere, “The survival of our wildlife is a matter of grave concern to all of us in Africa. These wild creatures amid the wild places they inhabit are not only important as a source of wonder and inspiration but are an integral part of our natural resources and of our livelihood and well being.”

The Friedkin Conservation Fund has three main goals. These are:

  • To assist the government and people of Tanzania in their efforts to conserve and protect the indigenous flora and fauna.
  • To involve local people actively in sustainable conservation practices which will help improve their economic condition.
  • To monitor the wildlife and human activities and provide information about sustainable conservation practices.

The components of FCF each contribute toward achieving these goals:


Poaching comes in many forms, from slaughtering elephants for ivory, to cutting protected trees for timber and charcoal. Every type of poaching is damaging to the environment and threatens the existence of the species living in that environment.

The FCF operates highly effective anti-poaching operations in all of the fourteen WWS and TGTS-leased hunting concessions in Tanzania. As there are vast areas to be monitored and there are dangers inherent in challenging some poachers, FCF takes great care in ensuring that all Anti-poaching staff are carefully trained and well-equipped.

Each of the 11 anti-poaching teams has a Tanzanian commander and is supported by a team of 3 rangers, a driver and is accompanied by an armed government game scout with the powers of arrest. The team travels in a fully-equipped Toyota Land Cruiser. In addition to having a complete anti-poaching unit for each area, the FCF operates two Mobile Anti-Poaching Units, which move between all the areas over the course of the year acting as reinforcement for pressing matters.

FCF has been fortunate with equipment sponsorship and funding from generous parties, and continues to appreciate assistance to maintain this costly operation. For areas where poaching on water is prevalent we use canoes and motorized boats. Our micro light program was launched in 2006, and has been incredibly productive in identifying high-impact areas that are then patrolled by the teams on the ground. Also at our disposal is the Maule, our small yellow airplane that is used primarily for reconnaissance work.

FCF Anti-Poaching teams operate and assist the Wildlife Division in 5 Game Reserves, 3 Forestry Reserves, 2 Open Areas, and 1 Game Controlled Area. This is a total of over 9 million acres.

Due to meticulous attention to training, the Anti-Poaching Unit has been able to be highly effective despite these vast areas and FCF efforts to curb poaching have yielded extremely worthwhile results. In 2008 alone, FCF teams in conjunction with Wildlife Division game scouts, successfully apprehended and assisted in prosecuting 2,067 poachers and confiscated paraphernalia including 1,832 snares and 134 confiscated firearms, including 39 automatic weapons. These were the most efficient results in East Africa. The FCF Anti-Poaching Unit has been honored with two prestigious awards from the Game Rangers Association of Africa in the past two years.

Community Development

FCF recognizes that sustainable conservation can only succeed in coordination with the people living in and around the environments we seek to conserve. To this end, the Community Development Program of FCF works closely with communities neighboring the concessions of TGTS and WWS to promote livelihood practices that improve the standard of living in the communities while protecting the environments in which they exist.

Projects are designed and implemented in close collaboration with the local communities so as to most effectively achieve significant impacts. Officials from the 11 Districts in which FCF operates submit proposals to the FCF Community Development Program to meet the needs that are most pressing in their communities. These projects are funded through money that is generated from a 20% levy on trophy fees. This levy is the initiative of both TGTS and WWS and is paid by the clients over and above the government levies.

In addition to projects sponsored by trophy fee levies, FCF sponsors projects that meet more targeted needs in specific communities. This is made possible by funds raised from outside support and from additional contributions from FCF and TGTS clients.

Since 2003, the FCF Community Development Program alone has contributed approximately 650,000,000 Tsh to communities in the 11 districts surrounding the WWS and TGTS hunting concessions and the Arusha District. Community development projects have included environmental education, construction of schools and hospitals, student sponsorship, water projects and permiculture.

In addition to funded projects, FCF takes great care to hire people from the communities in the surrounding areas. In this way, local communities can directly benefit from the conservation work and tourism that is ongoing in the reserves they neighbor.

As tourism in Tanzania flourishes, FCF looks forward to continuing to be ever more actively involved in Tanzania’s protected areas and in the communities surrounding these unique environments. The Friedkin Conservation Fund will carry on its long-term commitment to community-based conservation in Tanzania and will continue to work with communities to increase the benefits they gain from the unique ecosystems in which they live.

Research and Monitoring

FCF are working collaboratively with Tanzanian Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI), the research and monitoring arm of the Tanzanian Government. FCF has established a wildlife monitoring project with TAWIRI for the TGTS and WWS hunting concessions.  As part of the wildlife monitoring project, an aerial census of wildlife in the Kizigo and Muhesi Game Reserves was conducted in November 2006.  Wildlife counts will be centralized in a database and related to other data collected in the field such as rainfall, vegetation, incidents of poaching and hunting quotas and records in order to assist in management of these areas.

TAWIRI has certified five (5) FCF staff members in aerial surveys, in the first rounds of certification for non-TAWIRI and non-Wildlife Division personnel.

FCF use a Geographical Information System (GIS) as a management tool to create digitized maps to monitor wildlife, habitats and human activities.

FCF continues to assist in wildlife research and works cooperatively with other companies and the Tanzanian Government on broad-scale projects.  In November 2008, FCF again played a major role in assisting Dr Alfred Kikoti, a respected researcher into elephant-human conflict. This year Dr Kikoti placed satellite collars on eleven (11) elephants and continues to monitor their movements and migratory routes.